During this time establishing a daily routine that includes a nap and a regular bedtime is very helpful.
Your child should be eating three balanced meals a day, but may require a nutritious between meal snack. Encourage the toddler to feed himself by using a cup. Also, begin letting him use a spoon. During this learning phase expect a messy phase and spilled food. Soft food may still be required. Hard or airway sized foods such as popcorn, grapes, hotdogs, candy and peanuts should be avoided because of the possibility of choking. Milk and dairy products continue to be a necessary part of your child's diet. If your child's milk intake decreases, do not be alarmed. Your child needs just 500 mg a day of calcium, which is easy to achieve. Please see our calcium handout to make sure your child is receiving enough calcium. Milk intake should not exceed 20-24 ounces in a day as you transition to whole milk. Don't add salt or sugar to your child's food. Your baby should be off the bottle.
Vitamins & Fluoride
Continue as directed at the twelve month visit. If you have recently moved, check the fluoride status of your water and contact our office if it has changed.
At this age most children can:
- Walk unassisted
- Kick and roll a ball. May try to catch and throw the ball
- Take some clothing off
- Follow simple directions and commands
- Understand some words and phrases
- Say 1-3 words
- Respond to name
- Play hide-n-seek
- Try to name some common objects
- Try to communicate with simple words and actions
Indicators for concern:
- Does not use 1-3 words
- No eye contact
- Does not respond to name
- No pointing or other gestures such as waving "bye-bye"
- Unusual repetitive movements
- Not attempting to cruise or walk
Common Issues And Concerns
To see information on Acetaminophen (Tylenol) dosage, click here. Remember to always dose based on the weight of your child.
- Your child should be sleeping in their own bed and through the night. If not, review our sleep handouts.
- Bedtime should be enforced after a familiar routine is complete.
- If your child is climbing out of the crib, make sure to lower your toddler's crib mattress to the lowest rung. They can be placed in a toddler bed if they continue to climb out.
- Once your child is put to bed, he should not be allowed out of his bed or room.
- If your child comes out of his room, return him quietly without conversation, skip the hug and kiss. Hold the bedroom door closed for a few minutes if necessary. Consistency will prevail
Behavior & Discipline
- A daily routine is very helpful for a toddler. A regular bedtime is also important and toddlers still need a nap at least once a day
- Praise your child for good behavior. Parents should show immediate and enthusiastic responses to good behavior, giving more "yes" than "no" messages.
- The best discipline is to use redirection, distraction, gentle restraint, removal of object from toddler, or move the toddler away and help him get interested in something else. Use discipline as a means of teaching and protecting, not as punishing.
- Give your child consistent messages about what's right or wrong and reinforce them.
- Toddlers should never be spanked. Spanking does not usually work and is not a good kind of punishment for a young child.
- Discourage hitting, biting and harmful behavior
- Encourage language development by talking about the things you are doing and seeing together, reading books, repeating words and phrases and singing.
- Temper tantrums are common between 15 and 30 months, and are normal ways for young children to express frustration. Use time out for tantrums that cannot be ignored and those that are harmful to another person or tear things up.
- Remember, toddlers have not learned to share yet and sometimes do not play well with other toddlers
- It is best to wait until your child turns 2 before you begin toilet training
Brush your baby's teeth with a soft brush each day. Please see handout on Tooth Decay, Prevention.
Your infant is becoming more mobile and constant supervision and safety precautions are critical. Please review the advice found on Healthychildren.org.
- Keep the Poison Control Center near your phone or programmed into your cell phone.
- Never underestimate the ability of a 15 month old to climb.
- Check for hazards at your toddler's level (stairs, cords, outlets, cabinets, windows).
- Continue using the toddler car seat on every outing in the car. Do not put the child in the front seat if an airbag is present. Remember your child should remain rear-facing until age 2.
- Closely supervise your toddler especially near dogs, lawnmowers, driveways, streets and water.
- The toddler's environment should be without cigarette smoke, alcohol or drugs.
- Use sunscreen and limit exposure to the sun.
- Your toddler may be able to tell you now in more obvious ways when they feel sick or something hurts. Watch for fever or changes in appetite, activity level or sleeping habits. Toddlers with ear infections often have fever and cold symptoms and usually don't present just "playing with their ears" as their only symptom.
- Limit your toddler's TV time. It's okay to occasionally watch a TV show designed for young children, but a toddler should watch less than 1 hour of TV a day.
- Remember your car seat and use it at all times, no exceptions.
Next Well Child Visit
The next routine physical examination is at 18 months of life.