She also spends time looking at her hands and is reaching for objects.
Both human milk and/or commercially prepared formula is still required. Cow's milk is not recommended until after one year of age. Thirty-two ounces per day is usually the maximum amount recommended, and should be divided into four to five feedings per day.
Solids are not required for adequate nutrition, but depending on your baby's individual needs, may be introduced between four to six months of life. Start with single foods given once a day. Feed with a spoon. Do not put solids in a bottle or infant feeder.
Please see our page on feeding for more thorough information.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends supplementing exclusively breastfed babies and those who are formula fed (but get less than 32 oz per day) with vitamin D 400 IU once a day. One such supplement, D-vi-Sol, can be purchased over the counter. Check the package of the product you buy for dosing instructions. Breastfed babies need iron starting at 4 months of age if iron-rich foods will not be introduced until 6 months of age.
At this age most babies:
- Smile spontaneously, laugh and get excited
- Start to reach for objects
- Roll over
- Respond and turn to sound
- Hold their head up steady when being held in a sitting position
- Spend time looking at and touching their own hands
Indicators for concern:
- Does not watch moving objects
- No startle to sound
- Does not move extremities equally
Common Issues And Concerns
To see information on Acetaminophen (Infant Tylenol) dosage, click here. Remember to always dose based on the weight of your child.
(Helpful hints for preventing problems)
- Establish a bedtime routine and put the baby to bed while he is awake.
- Discontinue the 2:00 a.m. feeding before it becomes a habit. Your baby does not need to be fed more than five times per day.
- If your baby cries for more than five minutes during the night, do not feed her, just comfort her with a back rub or a few soothing words. Do not turn on the light or lift her out of the crib.
- Make middle-of-the-night contacts brief and boring. Minimize interactions with your child between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
- If the crying continues, you can recheck your baby every 20 minutes. Remember that all children have four to five partial awakenings a night.
- The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends for babies to sleep in parents room (in their own crib/bassinet) until at least 6 months of age.
- Remember the baby should always be buckled into his car seat when traveling; children cannot be placed in the front seat if the car has airbags. Your baby may be outgrowing his infant seat. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations and replace with a larger seat when your baby reaches the maximum weight allowed.
- Do not string toys or mobiles across the crib. Once the child can raise his head, he could get caught and strangle.
- Keep dangerous objects out of reach.
- Stimulate your baby verbally and tactically.
- Offer safe, colorful toys.
- Begin getting your house ready for a crawling baby by using safety locks on cabinets and by covering electrical outlets.
- Games your infant may enjoy playing include pat-a-cake and peek-a-boo. They also love to have you talk and sing to them.
- Your baby will not be able to tell you when he doesn't feel well; watch for signs of illness such as fever, poor appetite, being less active/more fussy; have a rectal thermometer at home and learn how to take your baby's temperature.
- Baby teeth may start to come in as early as four months and this may make your baby irritable or restless; a cool teething ring or clean wash cloth to chew on may make sore gums feel better. Do not use teething tablets, gum gels or teething necklaces.
- Do not leave an iron or curling iron in baby's reach.
Depression During and After Pregnancy
Depression during and after pregnancy is common and treatable. Having a baby is challenging and every woman deserves support. We will screen for caregiver depression at your child's well-child visits through the first year. Talk to your child's healthcare provider or your healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms. Please review this information from the CDC regarding postpartum depression. There are also resources available. Contact the Postpartum Support International Warmline and a trained helpline volunteer will call/text you back to identify a local coordinator and resources in your area:
- Call 1-800-944-4773, #1 en Espanol or #2 English
- Text 503-894-9453
Next Well Child Visit
Your child's next well child visit will be at six months of age.